Romanians aren’t regular consumers of mutton or beef. In fact, according to the National Institute of Statistics, Romanians consumes every year 29 kg of pork meat and only 2.3 kgs of beef and sheep meat. This country has favourable conditions required for the raising animals livestock. Therefore, Romania is prepared to export cattle to other countries.
The golden rules of cattle genetics
When you want to buy cattle livestock, you have to read some information in order to help you to make the best decision. The farms where cows and bulls are raised must be organized according to all the standardization required. When you buy cattle livestock and then you want to plan a breeding program, it is important to stay up to date with all the information you need.
At first, you’ll have to keep in mind all sources of genetic variation. In other words, cross-breeds can occur within breeds and between breeds in order to get economically important traits. It is well known that some traits of breeds are inherited – that means are under genetic control and they can be used to increase the effectiveness of flock.
Another golden rule is to pay attention to the process selection of sires because they play a crucial role in the breeding programs. Some bulls can provide more calves than others.
Genetic improvement could be made in association with non-genetic methods of increasing performance, for instance, flock selection, refining the quality of nutrition (fodder). In this way, the results can be more cost-effective.
Dominant traits which increase the productive efficiency of desirable beef
When you buy cows you must take into consideration some aspects of breed traits which regards in:
Maternal Ability. One of the most important features is the maternal ability so the yearlings must be cared and protected by the cows.
Breeding & Genetic Selection. As we mentioned above, genetic is an essential aspect when it comes to good breeding traits. Obviously, the calves have a genetic inheritance.
Feed Efficiency. Another determinant which influences the productive performance of the beef is the feed efficiency. In other words, you’ll have to provide quality fodder and fresh water.
Growth Rate. The Growth Rate play a major role regarding the improvement of the quality breeding traits.
Temperament. This factor is very important if you want to succeed when you manage the flock. Although, the cow is one of the most gentle animals from the world, some of the animals of the livestock could be dangerous.
Reproductive Performance or Fertility. This feature illustrates another dominant trait which you’ll have to pay attention to if you want to get the best results.
Conformation or Structural Soundness. The physical traits are also elements to consider.
Longevity. In general, the long life of animals shows that the live cattle have excellent breeding traits.
Body Measurements. Of course, the body measurements depend on many factors such as genetics, fodder, environment, but is still one of the principal’s aspect you’ll have to consider.
Carcass Merit. Last, but not least, the quality of the carcass merit influence the productive efficiency of the desirable beef.